Foreign Affairs With
Giuliani & Edwards
In a 17-page article outlining his vision of foreign policy, former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani takes only seven words to revisit his signature issue: "We are all members of the 9/11 generation," he writes in the forthcoming edition of Foreign Affairs magazine.
Nearly six years after the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks, Giuliani's essay underscores how his global vision remains infused with waging a "war on terrorism" -- militarily, diplomatically and economically. By contrast, in an essay appearing in the same issue of the magazine, Democratic presidential candidate John Edwards offers a vastly different view of world affairs, arguing that the United States must confront extremists but warning that the "war on terror" approach has failed, only spawning more terrorism and leaving the United States with fewer allies.
Giuliani contends that, in Iraq and Afghanistan, the United States must defeat extremists and insurgents with no timeline, and he cautions that the consequences of failure would revert Afghanistan to a safe haven for terrorists and make Iraq "an even bigger one."
In his article, titled "Reengaging with the World," Edwards favors immediate withdrawal of 40,000 to 50,000 combat troops from Iraq followed by "an orderly and complete withdrawal" of all U.S. forces from Iraq leaving in the region enough forces to prevent genocide, regional spillover of civil war and a safe haven for al-Qaeda.
In the Middle East, Giuliani writes that the Palestinians must earn a state through good governance, adding that it is not in U.S. interests to help create a state that could support terrorism. "Too much emphasis has been placed on brokering negotiations between the Israelis and the Palestinians -- negotiations that bring up the same issues again and again."
The New York Republican wants to expand NATO to include any nation that meets standards of "good governance, military readiness and global responsibility," but he dismisses the United Nations as ineffective in dealing with human rights abuses or terrorism.
Edwards proposes a "Marshall Corps" -- named after Gen. George Marshall -- with 10,000 civilian experts to help with reconstruction in weak states and humanitarian missions. He advocates integrating rising powers in the Group of Eight industrial powers and committing U.S. military logistical and intelligence support to U.N. peacekeepers dealing with genocide in Darfur. Edwards also proposes a sixfold increase of U.S. funding to educate poor children abroad, particularly in countries with a history of extremism.
Giuliani wants to add 10 combat brigades or 35,000 to the Army, while Edwards questions President Bush's proposal to add 92,000 troops, especially in light of an Iraq withdrawal, and instead urges a "rebalance" of forces and mission.
-- Robin Wright
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