Chicago Schools Chief to be Education Secretary
By Debbi Wilgoren
Chicago schools executive Arne Duncan was nominated by President-elect Barack Obama this morning to be the nation's next education secretary. The appointment, along with the expected naming later this week of Sen. Ken Salazar (D-Colo.) to serve as secretary of the interior, will all but finalize his selections for major Cabinet posts.
Obama introduced Duncan this morning at Dodge Renaissance Academy, a Chicago elementary school that Duncan helped transform from a failing school into a successful one.
"Our children have just one chance to get a quality education," Duncan said during the news conference. "And they need and deserve to get the absolute best."
Duncan, 44, has been chief executive of the Chicago public schools since 2001, steering the nation's third-largest school district, which has more than 400,000 students. The Harvard-educated Duncan is a longtime friend and basketball partner of the president-elect. Duncan is known for his ability to bridge gaps among teachers unions, school reform advocates and civil rights groups, all of which have historically clashed on how to improve education.
Obama called Duncan "the most hands-on of hands-on practitioners" and said improving the nation's schools is essential to keep the United States competitive in the global economy.
"For Arne, school reform isn't just a theory in a book -- it's the cause of his life," Obama said. "And the results aren't just about test scores or statistics, but about whether our children are developing the skills they need to compete with any worker in the world for any job."
The prepared text of Obama's remarks follows:
Remarks of President-elect Barack Obama
As Prepared for Delivery
Announcement of Secretary of Education
December 16, 2008
Over the past few weeks, Vice President-elect Biden and I have announced key members of our economic team, and they are working as we speak to craft a recovery program that will save and create millions of jobs and grow our struggling economy.
But we know that in the long run, the path to jobs and growth begins in America's classrooms. So today, we're pleased to announce the leader of our education team, whose work will be critical to these efforts: our nominee for Secretary of Education, Arne Duncan.
In the next few years, the decisions we make about how to educate our children will shape our future for generations to come. They will determine not just whether our children have the chance to fulfill their God-given potential, or whether our workers have the chance to build a better life for their families, but whether we, as a nation, will remain in the twenty-first century, the kind of global economic leader that we were in the twentieth. Because at a time when companies can plant jobs wherever there's an Internet connection, and two-thirds of all new jobs require a higher education or advanced training, if we want to out-compete the world tomorrow, we must out-educate the world today.
Yet, when our high school dropout rate is one of the highest in the industrialized world; when a third of all fourth graders can't do basic math; when more and more Americans are getting priced out of attending college - we are falling far short of that goal.
For years, we have talked our education problems to death in Washington, but failed to act, stuck in the same tired debates that have stymied our progress and left schools and parents to fend for themselves: Democrat versus Republican; vouchers versus the status quo; more money versus more reform - all along failing to acknowledge that both sides have good ideas and good intentions.
We cannot continue on like this. It is morally unacceptable for our children - and economically untenable for America. We need a new vision for a 21st century education system - one where we aren't just supporting existing schools, but spurring innovation; where we're not just investing more money, but demanding more reform; where parents take responsibility for their children's success; where we're recruiting, retaining, and rewarding an army of new teachers; where we hold our schools, teachers and government accountable for results; and where we expect all our children not only to graduate high school, but to graduate college and get a good paying job.
These are precisely the goals to which Arne Duncan has devoted his life - from his days back in college, tutoring children here in Chicago; to his work at the helm of a non-profit remaking schools on the South Side; to his time working for the Chicago Public Schools, where he became Chief Executive Officer of this city's school system.
When it comes to school reform, Arne is the most hands-on of hands-on practitioners. For Arne, school reform isn't just a theory in a book - it's the cause of his life. And the results aren't just about test scores or statistics, but about whether our children are developing the skills they need to compete with any worker in the world for any job.
When faced with tough decisions, Arne doesn't blink. He's not beholden to any one ideology - and he doesn't hesitate for one minute to do what needs to be done. He's worked tirelessly to improve teacher quality, increasing the number of master teachers who've completed a rigorous national certification process from 11 to just shy of 1,200, and rewarding school leaders and teachers for gains in student achievement. He's championed good charter schools - even when it was controversial. He's shut down failing schools and replaced their entire staffs - even when it was unpopular. Dodge Renaissance Academy is a perfect example - since this school was revamped and re-opened in 2003, the number of students meeting state standards has more than tripled.
In just seven years, he's boosted elementary test scores here in Chicago from 38 percent of students meeting the standards to 67 percent. The dropout rate has gone down every year he's been in charge. And on the ACT, the gains of Chicago students have been twice as big as those for students in the rest of the state.
So when Arne speaks to educators across America, it won't be from up in some ivory tower, but from the lessons he's learned during his years changing our schools from the bottom up.
I remember a conversation we had about one of those lessons a while back. We were talking about how he'd managed to increase the number of kids taking and passing AP courses in Chicago over the last few years. And he told me that in the end, the kids weren't any smarter than they were three years ago; our expectations for them were just higher.
Well, I think it's time we raised expectations for our kids all across this country and built schools that meet - and exceed - those expectations. As the husband and brother of educators, the Vice President-Elect and I know this won't be easy - we've seen how hard Jill and Maya work every day. And we know it's going to take all of us, working together. Because in the end, responsibility for our children's success doesn't start in Washington. It starts in our homes and our families. No education policy can replace a parent who makes sure a child gets to school on time, or helps with homework and attends those parent-teacher conferences. No government program can turn off the TV, or put away the video games and read to a child at night.
We all need to be part of the solution. We all have a stake in the future of our children.
I'll never forget my first visit to this school several years ago, when one of the teachers here told me about what she called the "These Kids Syndrome" - our willingness to find a million excuses for why "these kids" can't learn - how "these kids" come from tough neighborhoods, or "these kids" have fallen too far behind.
"When I hear that term, it drives me nuts," she told me. "They're not 'these kids,' they're our kids."
I can't think of a better way to sum up Arne's approach to education reform. With his leadership, I am confident that together, we will bring our education system - and our economy - into the 21st century, and give all our kids the chance to succeed.
Posted at 11:44 AM ET on Dec 16, 2008
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