New data on campus violence
Attackers are most likely seek out specific targets on or near college campuses because they have an intimate relationship with the victim, according to a new government report that analyzed threats and violence at schools over more than a century.
The analysis provides context to a case reported today in which a male University of Virginia lacrosse player from Chevy Chase., Md., was charged with first-degree murder in the death of a female student and lacrosse player. The Daily Progress reported that the two had been in a relationship.
The government report, called “Campus Attacks: Targeted Violence Affecting Institutions Of Higher Education," said that some conventional beliefs about the attacks are inaccurate, and urged officials to review their threat assessment capacities. It was jointly by the U.S. Secret Service, the Education Department and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
The report, which I wrote about when it came out a few weeks ago, got little attention, but its conclusions are worth revisiting now.
It analyzed 272 acts of violence against specific targets on college campuses in 42 states and Washington D.C., from 1900 through 2008.
Of those, the perpetrators caused 281 deaths, at least 190 of whom were students and at least 72 who were employees. Another 247 people were injured, at least 144 of them students and at least 35 employees. Not included were the attackers who were injured or killed.
Most of the incidents were carried out by one person, 94 percent of whom were male, with an average age of 28, the report said.
While schools generally concentrate their threat assessments on those people identified as potential threats on campus, the study says, 30 percent of the attackers were not directly affiliated with the school.
The report also said that of those attacks carried out within the same building, only 4 percent of the assailants moved to different locales, such as classrooms, offices or hallways.
And even though much media attention has been given to the “traveling” attacker, such as Seung-Hui Cho, the 23-year-old student who killed 32 students in a shooting spree at Virginia Tech on April 16, 2007, the report said that only 3 percent of the attackers actually move from building to building.
The primary motivation of the attacks analyzed in the government report could not be determined in 17 percent of the cases, but in the rest, these were the causes, with percentages of incidence:
Related to an Intimate Relationship: 33.9 percent
Retaliation for Specific Action(s): 13.7 percent
Refused Advances or Obsession with the Target: 10.1 percent
Response to Academic Stress/Failure: 10.1 percent
Acquaintance/Stranger Based Sexual Violence: 9.7 percent
Psychotic Actions: 7.9 percent
Workplace Dismissal/Sanction: 6.2 percent
Need to Kill / Specific Victimology: 3.1 percent
Draw Attention to Self/Issue(s): 3.1 percent
Bias-related: 2.2 percent
The study also noted that from 2005 through 2008, there were 235,599 crimes reported on college campuses: 74.6 percent were burglaries and motor vehicle thefts, 9.2 percent were aggravated assaults, 8.4 percent were robberies, 5.9 percent were forcible sex offenses, 1.7 percent were arsons, and 0.1 percent were non-forcible sex offenses.
The remaining 0.1 percent of reported crimes during those years were murders and non-negligent manslaughter and negligent manslaughter. Of the 174 murders and non-negligent manslaughters, 80 occurred on campus -- 13 of which took place in residence halls; 82 occurred on public property immediately adjacent to campuses; and 12 occurred at non-campus facilities.
Some of the report’s conclusions:
• Incidents of targeted violence are a year-round issue. Campus safety resources may be required throughout the calendar year, not just during the academic year.
• On-campus targeted violence is not the only challenge; 20 percent of the incidents took place off-campus or in school locations not on campus and against members of the school community. “This suggests that communication between campus safety professionals and municipal law enforcement agencies is essential.”
• Of those incidents that occurred at on-campus or non-campus sites, 36 percent took place in administrative/academic/services buildings, 28 percent took place in residential buildings, and 27 percent took place in parking lots or campus grounds. Security plans should “equally cover responses” to all of these areas.
• Firearms and knives or bladed weapons were used most frequently (75 percent) during the incidents. The remaining 25 percent of the incidents involved strangulation, blunt objects, poison, vehicles, explosives, incendiary/arson methods, or physical assaults without a weapon.
“Understanding the varied weapons used in these incidents may prompt investigators to look beyond whether a subject possesses or has access to a more traditional weapon (firearm or knife) when evaluating his or her risk,” the study said.
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| May 3, 2010; 1:22 PM ET
Categories: College Life | Tags: government study on violence, lacrosse player and murder and uva, lacrosse player charged, murder and uva, murder on campus, study on violence, uva lacrosse death, uva murder lacrosse, violence on campus, violence on college campuses
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