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Posted at 4:11 PM ET, 02/10/2011

Mubarak: 'determined to fulfill what I promised' (Egypt updates)

By Melissa Bell
mubarak
Anti-government protesters in Cairo's Tahrir Square listen as President Hosni Mubarak speaks to the nation February 10. (Dylan Martinez/Reuters)

KEY LINKS
» Latest Tweets about Cairo
» Full Washington Post report
» Submit protest photos | Full photo gallery

Full updates below


7:22 p.m. Wrapping up

We'll be wrapping up the live updates for the night, but we'll continue to track the story Friday. Thanks for joining us.


6:58 p.m. Crowd reacts angrily to Mubarak's speech

mubarak
Anti-government protesters in Cairo's Tahrir Square listen as President Hosni Mubarak speaks to the nation Feb. 10. (Dylan Martinez/Reuters)

"The chants are now deafening in Tahrir: 'Leave, Leave, Leave.' Louder than I've ever heard before! That's our answer, Mubarak!" Pakina Mamer wrote on Twitter.

Even as Mubarak began his speech, the response came fast and furious on Twitter. Using the hashtag #mubarakspeech, which quickly became a worldwide top trending topic, people expressed their anger and disbelief over Mubarak's refusal to leave the country.

"Mubarak just portrayed to the world what 30 years in power does to a person," Egyptocracy wrote.

"Most offensive thing about Mubarak speech was claim that 'blood of martyrs wouldn't be wasted' as if it wasn't on his hands," Harikunzru tweeted.

"It took the Tunisians a month and 3 speeches... The egyptians will wait him out! Mubarak will leave," Shalabieh said.

The Post's correspondent Leila Fadel wrote, "Anger overflowing in Tahrir Square after Mubarak's speech. Many predicting blood tomorrow. They say Mubarak wants 'civil war.'"

Some worried about the possibilty that his speech would lead to violence. Khazelton wrote on Twitter, "Mubarak's last trick is to incite the people of his country to violence. Deny him the success of his plan. Please."

To some, though, the speech said enough: Reuters reports that Walid Foud, 38, said in Tahrir Square, "In his speech, Mubarak has listened to the protesters' demand. He has transferred his powers, and in my opinion, the protesters got what they wanted."

"The speech was very emotional and decent. The president did what the youth requested, he left power but in a decent way that preserves his dignity and that of the Egyptian people," Ahmed Aly, an Egyptian businessman, told Reuters. "Omar Suleiman is a military man and he has been used to acting in a strict way for a long time, but he will have to change his style and become more civilian in order to cope with his new position."

There was initial ambiguity after the speech about whether Mubarak had transferred powers to his vice president, Omar Suleiman. The Egyptian ambassador later said Mubarak had done so and described Suleiman as the de facto president.

The crowd largely dispersed from Tahrir Square and vowed to protest again on Friday. Some of the crowd marched to the State TV building. Lara Setrakian of ABC wrote on Twitter, "Tomorrow = Friday = huge protest day. Tahrir has its own tempo, and Fridays are a peak. One call to march to Presidential Palace"

President Obama is reported to have met with his National Security team and will be releasing a statement, but he is not expected to make a speech.


6:05 p.m. Fear of violence

Mohammed ElBaradei spoke on CNN after Mubarak's announcement: "There is no way the Egyptian people right now are ready to accept either the president or the vice president. They have lost all authority, all legitimacy," he said. "My fear is that the situation will turn violent."

On Twitter, ElBaradei reached out to the military:

Egypt will explode. Army must save the country nowless than a minute ago via web


5:49 p.m. All powers transferred to Suleiman

According to Sameh Shoukry, the Egyptian ambassador to the U.S., Mubarak has transferred all powers to Suleiman, who is now the de facto president.

Benn Wedeman writes on CNN where the confusion came from in the speech:

Mubarak said was transferring "salahiyat" - "powers" to the vice president. without the use of the definite article it means "some powers"less than a minute ago via web


5:04 p.m. Full transcript of Mubarak's speech

Read the full transcript of Mubarak's speech here. An excerpt:

I am addressing all of you from the heart, a speech from the father to his sons and daughters. I am telling you that I am very grateful and am so proud of you for being a symbolic generation that is calling for change to the better, that is dreaming for a better future, and is making the future.
I am telling you before anything, that the blood of the martyrs and the injured will not go in vain. And I would like to affirm, I will not hesitate to punish those who are responsible fiercely. I will hold those in charge who have violated the rights of our youth with the harshest punishment stipulated in the law.

4:53 p.m. Obama to meet with National Security Team

Obama watched Mubarak's speech on Air Force One. On his return to the White House, he will be meeting with his national security team, a memo to the White House pool of reporters said.


4:31 p.m. Vice President Suleiman speaks

Vice President Omar Suleiman spoke to the nation, asking the protesters to allow the country to return to normal. "Go back home, go back to work" he said. He also told them not to listen to satellite TV stations.

As some called for a renewed protest Friday, Richard Engel of NBC News reports that other protesters have started to march to the state television building and others are planning a march to the presidential palace.


4:11 p.m. Crowd reacts angrily to Mubarak's speech

In a defiant speech, where he said he refused to bend to any foreign interference, Mubarak announced that he would remain in office until September, that he would take steps to lift the emergency law later, when the situation permits, and that he would transfer some powers to the vice president. The crowd in Tahrir Square, and on Twitter, reacted harshly to the news:

Listen to the crowd's reaction:

Listen!

And the response from Twitter:

It's official: #Mubarak doesn't understand Arabic. 'Er7al' means LEEEAVE!! Someone translate to this despot! #Jan25 #Egyptless than a minute ago via Twitter for BlackBerry®

Crowds in Tahrir not happy. That Hosni is such a tease.less than a minute ago via Echofon

Tahrir crowd becoming angry. #jan25less than a minute ago via web

Tahrir chants: 'we won't go. he will go.' The scene is set for a confrontation. #Egyptless than a minute ago via web

Tomorrow there will be battle !! if it is not tonight , Al Tahrir is on fire !!less than a minute ago via Seesmic Web

I hope the protests don't turn violent after being provoked, any violence would give them a green light to kill the protests offless than a minute ago via web


3:46 p.m. Mubarak's announcement

President Hosni Mubarak gave a speech in which he did not yield his position. "I am determined to fulfill what I have promised you in all honesty, and I'm determined to execute and carry out what I have promised without going back to the past. I have faced death several times when I was a pilot. I also faced it in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and elsewhere. I did not submit nor yield to foreign dictations or others. I have kept the peace. I worked towards the Egyptian stability and security. I have worked to the revival in Egypt and the prosperity."

His final remarks were:

Let me say again that I have lived for this nation. I have kept my responsibilities. And Egypt will remain, above all, and above any individuals -- Egypt will remain until I deliver and surrender its -- it to others. This will be the land of my living and my death. It will remain a dear land to me. I will not leave it nor depart it until I am buried in the ground. Its people will remain in my heart, and it will remain -- its people will remain upright and lifting up their heads.

3:10 p.m. "Get out already"

cezanne
The white sheet on which they will project Mubarak's speech. (Ernesto Londono)

Ernesto Londono reports from Cairo:

Thousands of demonstrators gathered around a large white blanket used as a projection screen as they waited for the president's speech.
They waved flags and chanted slogans demanding Mubarak's ouster. Many families brought children to the square and several painted their faces with the colors of the Egyptian flag -- red white and black.
"Leave, leave, leave," they screamed in unison.

Correspondent Leila Fadel called in from Cairo with a short clip of the chanting crowd:

Listen!


2:48 p.m. Mohamed ElBaradei: We need to keep "kicking their behinds"

Foreign Policy spoke to opposition leader Mohamed ElBaradei about the protests.When asked what he thought if Omar Suleiman could be the steward of democratic transition, ElBaradei said he had no confidence in Suleiman:

They don't understand, let alone are willing to move Egypt into democracy, unless we keep kicking their behinds. And that's what happened. You saw Mubarak's first statement was saying, "We'll give you a new government" -- same old, worn-out tactics. A new government but no change of policy and the same people from his own party. They were kicked out and they said they would change the constitution to allow more people to run. They got kicked out again and then they would say, "Well, Mubarak will not run." Then they abolished the whole leadership of the party.

ElBaradei also took to Twitter for the first time in two weeks writing in Arabic, "I am following the situation closely, the hour of victory is coming for all Egyptians" and in English, "I am closely following the situation. We are almost there."


2:17 p.m. Twitter pictures from Tahrir Square

Mobile-phone images from Tahrir square, taken by Twitter user @pakinamer, an Egyptian journalist:

(The man pictured above is holding a Cairo street sign that has been modified to say "The people's street.")


2:12 p.m. A tell-tale tweet

Al-Jazeera correspondent Sherine Tadros wrote on Twitter about the mixed mood of protesters:

Cairo resident just said to me 'its like I'm graduating frm school-excited but scared abt what's coming next' #egypt #jan25less than a minute ago via Twitter for BlackBerry®


1:56 p.m. Obama live on Egyptian State Television

Egyptian state-run television ran a live feed of Obama's speech, signaling a shift in the tone of its news coverage over the past few days. The reports have changed from characterizing the protesters as lawless rabble-rousers to serious discussions of the role of security forces in Egypt as well as the role of the armed forces and government ministers in negotiating with the protesters. This is a huge change from the early days of the protests when state TV aired shots of serene streets while protesters and police were battling in the city.


1:41 p.m. Obama comments on Egypt

President Obama is speaking from Marquette, Mich., where he commented on the situation in Egypt. "We are following today's events in Egypt very closely, and we will have more to say as this plays out," he said. "But what is absolutely clear is that we are witnessing history unfold. It's a moment of transformation that's taking place because the people of Egypt are calling for change. And they've turned out in extraordinary numbers representing all ages and all walks of life, but it's young people who've been at the forefront, a new generation, your generation, who want their voices to be heard... Going forward, we want those young people and we want all Egyptians to know: America will continue to do everything that we can to support an orderly and genuine transition to democracy in Egypt."


1:07 p.m. Egyptian Information Minister denies Mubarak will quit

"The president is still in power and he is not stepping down," Egyptian Information Minister Anas el-Fekky told Reuters news agency today. "The president is not stepping down and everything you heard in the media is a rumor."

The comment came amid reports Mubarak will cede power, as military officials announced that protesters' demands will be met. But the minister's remark also suggested Mubarak could stop short of a full resignation -- potentially, for instance, keeping his title while relinquishing his executive powers.


12:57 p.m. Scenes from Tahrir

egypt protest
Anti-government protesters demonstrate in Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo, Egypt."(AP Photo/Tara Todras-Whitehill)
egypt protest
Egyptian anti-government bloggers work on their laptops from Cairo's Tahrir square. (Patrick Baz/AFP/Getty Images)
egypt protest
Egyptian anti-government demonstrators flash the V for "victory" signs as they wave their national flag and chant their anthem at Cairo's Tahrir square on February 10, 2011. (Patrick Baz/ AFP/Getty Images)

12:50 p.m. Egyptians flood into Tahrir

The Post's correspondent Craig Whitlock reports from Cairo on Mubarak's meeting with Suleiman, which is supposed to be taking place now in the presidential palace:

Listen!


12:40 p.m. Egyptians flood into Tahrir

The Post's correspondent Ernesto Londono reports from Cairo that Egyptians are flooding into Tahrir Square where the mood is ebullient, despite concerns about the direction the new government will take:

Listen!


12:24 p.m. Egyptian military releases statement

The Egyptian military released this statement, but it still remained unclear precisely what role the military would take in a potential new government.

Based on the responsibility of the Armed Forces, and its commitment to protect the people, and to oversee their interests and security, and with a view to the safety of the nation and the citizenry, and of the achievements and properties of the great people of Egypt, and in affirmation and support for the legitimate demands of the people, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces convened today, 10 February 2011, to consider developments to date, and decided to remain in continuous session to consider what procedures and measures that may be taken to protect the nation, and the achievements and aspirations of the great people of Egypt.


12:10 p.m. After Mubarak, who takes over?

With rumors swirling that Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak may step down tonight, speculation has started about who will take his place. Vice President Omar Suleiman, called by one Egyptian on Twitter the "Torturer in Chief," may not appease the demonstrators. Others, including Hossam Badrawi, the new head of the National Democratic Party, would not want the military to take charge. Earlier Thursday, the military announced it has stepped in to "safeguard the country" and assured protesters that President Hosni Mubarak will meet their demands.

Remember: #Egypt army has detained ppl, been accused of torture. #Jan25 won't b over until whole regime is gone--that's protestors demandless than a minute ago via Twitter for BlackBerry®

Soleiman is going to prove to be worse than #mubarak. This revolution must be saved. The revolution needs to be taken to a new level. #jan25less than a minute ago via web

We didn't fight and sacrifice all of this, so as to have the army, which is ruling us from 1952, remains in power! #Jan25less than a minute ago via Echofon


12:03 p.m. Mubarak to speak

Mubarak could address Egypt at 1:30 p.m. EST, Sky News reports. Richard Engel of MSNBC says that the speech is likely pre-recorded.


10:03 p.m. New discussions on Mubarak departure

The BBC reports that there may be new developments in the effort to transfer power in the Egyptian government from President Hosni Mubarak to Vice President Omar Suleiman.

On the 17th day of protests, as the Egyptian economy suffers and demonstrators continue to hold marches throughout the country, Prime Minister Ahmed Shafiq told BBC Arabic that the possibility of Mubarak stepping down was being discussed. Hossan Badrawi , the secretary general of the National Democratic Party (NDP), told the BBC that Mubarak would "probably" speak to the nation tonight.

As recently as Wednesday, in an interview with "PBS NewsHour," Foreign Minister Ahmed Aboul Gheit said Mubarak would not budge on his refusal to resign before his term ends in September.

The BBC's Lyse Doucet wrote on Twitter:

just spoke Badrawi NDP: Mubarak "probably" speak tonite, & "hopes" he hands over powers. Confirmed its being discussed. #Jan25 #egyptless than a minute ago via web

By Melissa Bell  | February 10, 2011; 4:11 PM ET
Categories:  The Daily Catch  
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Comments

Unfortunately, unrest in Egypt is just the tip of the iceberg. Most Middle East nations face the same demographic issues as Egypt; a massive number of young people who simply cannot find jobs and are extremely unhappy with their inability to start families or purchase homes.

Here is a look at just how desperate the situation is for young and highly educated Egyptians:

http://viableopposition.blogspot.com/2011/02/egypt-unemployed-population-cohort.html

Posted by: Baywoodfarm | February 10, 2011 11:05 AM | Report abuse

Transfering power to the vice president??

What!!! Is Mubarak dead?

Posted by: DigestivePolitics | February 10, 2011 11:25 AM | Report abuse

NO ONE WILL GOVERN.

It will be islamic RULE.

no freedom from that religion.

Posted by: docwhocuts | February 10, 2011 12:57 PM | Report abuse

Mubarak will be replaced by someone who will do what Islamic extremists want him to do...if he wants to live. Islamic hardliners are behind the protests and everyone with half a brain knows it.

Posted by: PsychoUnderPressure | February 10, 2011 1:15 PM | Report abuse

doc who cuts ranted:

"NO ONE WILL GOVERN.

It will be islamic RULE.

no freedom from that religion."

____________________________


be afraid, be so very afraid. the cali-phat is in your arteries.

Posted by: joeblow111 | February 10, 2011 1:17 PM | Report abuse

Please don't tell me Mubarak loves Country/Western Music and Line Dancing.
Maximum/Nashville

Posted by: maximum60 | February 10, 2011 1:20 PM | Report abuse

those people with half-brains are so perceptive. i think they are all at cpac today, except for half-brained, half-governor simple sarah and the quarter-brained hucksterbee.

Posted by: joeblow111 | February 10, 2011 1:25 PM | Report abuse

If the army voluntarily cedes control to a civilian government dedicated to stripping them of their financial privileges it will be an amazing first.

Won't the people need to have a (fair and free) referendum vote on a modified constitution giving real control to a new civilian government? And where is the unity for such an effort?

At the moment, the disaffected Egyptian civilians appear to be just a party of "no".

Posted by: loyalsyst | February 10, 2011 1:28 PM | Report abuse

Please, stop propaganda that the extremist are going to take over Egypt, that is what we been told so we agree in soporting distatorships.

Posted by: Felix5 | February 10, 2011 1:42 PM | Report abuse

obama backs fantasy....

what is new?

Posted by: docwhocuts | February 10, 2011 2:26 PM | Report abuse

Obama is just waiting to see how things work out so he can tailor his remarks to benefit him, not the people of Egypt or USA.
I hate this POS!

Posted by: steveiev | February 10, 2011 2:33 PM | Report abuse

President Obama few minutes ago: "We are watching history unfold."! Since Obama came to office two years ago, he sincerely tried to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian problem. When he tried to pressure Israel to accept a peaceful resolution, Israeli war criminals would tell him: Why you care? The most important Arab country, Egypt,is on our (Israeli) side! Go ask Mubarak! Then President Obama would ask the Egyptian dictator if that is true? The Dictator would tell Obama: Take it easy! there is no need to rush! Now, how are you going to help my son Jamal to succeed me! He is like me, a good friend of Israel! Frustrated by both, Netanyahu and Mubarak, President Obama simply withdrew his hands from the peace efforts and felt that both, Egypt and Israel, are burden on his shoulders, and that both of them are obstacle to peace! Now, the Egyptian revolution, to President Obama, is what the bombing of Baghdad was to Bush: Shock and awe! I think the President feels that one of the burdens/obstacles to peace in the ME is being removed by the Egyptian people. Now what to do about the second and final obstacle to peace in the Middle East: Israel? Leave her alone, Mr.President, and let the coming Palestinian revolution take care of the Israeli problem.

Posted by: editor4tonio | February 10, 2011 2:35 PM | Report abuse

OBAMA SOULD SPEAK OUT
Obama should not worry too much about Israel and her fear rather than stand up for the American values and our principles and reputation in the world. He has last chance to come out and fully support Egyptians and provide all political, financial and military help to become a free and fair democracy in the Arab world. Also, he should tell very clearly to the remaining Arab autocrats to learn a lesson and start democratic process at once or get ready to be humiliated like Mubarak. Also, being a lone supporter and provider of Israel, he should tell Israel to take a deep breath and rather than waiting any longer to get better deal, make a just, fair and genuine peace with Palestine and all Arabs NOW or may lose much more in coming years. Time is right for Obama too to be in the history at the right page.

Posted by: citysoilverizonnet | February 10, 2011 2:58 PM | Report abuse

"The president is still in power and he is not stepping down," Egyptian Information Minister Anas el-Fekky told Reuters news agency today. "The president is not stepping down and everything you heard in the media is a rumor."

hmm... where have I heard something like that before....

http://www.welovetheiraqiinformationminister.com/

Posted by: random-adam | February 10, 2011 3:02 PM | Report abuse

We appointed our CIA trained torturer to be the next dictator of Eygpt...we made him the "vice president" now he is the next American appointed dictator....you think this is a good thing? I mean yes Obama did get what he wanted a puppet paid off with our tax dollars to do Obama's torturing for him...and your OK with all of this? The CIA has stated that Vice President Omar Suleiman will take over. He is the former Deputy head of MILITARY INTELLIGEN­CE, dubbed by the Daily Telegraph him as "one of the most POWERFUL spy chiefs."
Suleiman has been implicated as directly involved in the controvers­ial CIA "rendition­" program.So OF COURSE the CIA director would want him to be the next President of Egypt.
Meet the new boss, WORSE than the old boss. Typical Obama he still needed someone to do his torturing for him. As always you can contact me at work http://www.usa-businessreview.com and yes keep those jokes coming! Like the one about the sicko president who held his first reelection campaign in Tucson just days after the death of a nine year old girl! It is amazing how low he will stoop and the media proudly displaying their love for him pretends his attempt to profit from a young girls death is a good thing!

Posted by: Loxinabox | February 10, 2011 3:25 PM | Report abuse

Dear President Obama,

How can you have an orderly transition with a brutal dictator in charge?

If you where beaten, terrorized, abused, and demoralized by your parents; would you ask them for an orderly transition from viciousness to virtue?

The answer is emphatically NO! This Dictator (Mubarak), his assistant Dictator (Sulieman), and his henchman must go now and not to a vacation resort but to the Hague for crimes against humanity.

Posted by: Alethean | February 10, 2011 3:33 PM | Report abuse

President Obama in a nutshell:

"If you don't stand for anything, you will fall for anything"

Posted by: Alethean | February 10, 2011 3:38 PM | Report abuse

Dear President Obama,

How can you have an orderly transition with a brutal dictator in charge?

If you where beaten, terrorized, abused, and demoralized by your parents; would you ask them for an orderly transition from viciousness to virtue?

The answer is emphatically NO! This Dictator (Mubarak), his assistant Dictator (Sulieman), and his henchman must go now and not to a vacation resort but to the Hague for crimes against humanity.

Posted by: Alethean | February 10, 2011 3:39 PM | Report abuse

Glad to see Obama has not let this little Egypt thing upset his campaign schedual..what a joke he is a real clown.

Posted by: Loxinabox | February 10, 2011 4:15 PM | Report abuse

The revolution has now been triggered in Egypt. Mubarak will end like Mussolini.

Posted by: America2010 | February 10, 2011 4:45 PM | Report abuse

I suspect that the rebels concentrate on ensuring that the election is as fair as possible. Right now, by hanging out in the square, they seem to be wasting their time. Who controls the army controls Egypt and right now it is controlled by a guy with initials H.M.

Posted by: Nemo24601 | February 10, 2011 5:06 PM | Report abuse

Since there is nothing we can do about that which is about to happen in Egypt. I say sit back and enjoy the show, we're still in the first act, it's going to get a whole lot better.

Posted by: PhinesII | February 10, 2011 5:42 PM | Report abuse

Since there is nothing we can do about that which is about to happen in Egypt. I say sit back and enjoy the show, we're still in the first act, it's going to get a whole lot better.

Posted by: PhinesII | February 10, 2011 5:43 PM | Report abuse

I imagine Panetta and his tribe at the CIA are P.O'd too, since Mubarak made them all look like the ignorant boobs that they are.
Embarrassing to see the heads of the CIA and Homeland Security as incompetent as Odumbo.
I sure don't feel safe.

Posted by: LarryG62 | February 10, 2011 7:03 PM | Report abuse

Friday, 2/11/11, is Egypt's Day of Liberation and with it comes the birth, likely a bloody one, of a new Middle East. Tyrants tremble.

Posted by: Spiritof761 | February 10, 2011 9:06 PM | Report abuse

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