We don't need to fix partisanship to fix the Senate
I hear this a lot, but I don't really understand it.
For one thing, there is a good argument that eliminating the filibuster will make party-line voting less effective for the minority, and thus less common. Whether partisanship still lives in the hearts of minority senators doesn't really worry me. Whether they decide to work with the majority on legislation or continually obstruct it in order to keep the country from being effectively governed does. If obstruction ceases to work, it's not clear why they'd continue to pursue it as pretty much their only strategy. No one likes a perpetually feckless minority. (For a longer version of this case, head here.)
But the broader point is that we don't know how to fix partisanship. It's ebbed and flowed at different times in our polity, and manifested in our legislative institutions in different ways. As Gregory Koger emphasizes in his book on the filibuster, it was the House of Representatives, not the Senate, that first suffered from an overuse of filibuster-like practices, and they were eliminated when the body became unmanageable.
The good news is that we don't need to fix partisanship, which is really nothing more than organized disagreement. All we need to do is ensure that our system can function amid it. There's no great trick to that, as plenty of other countries, the House of Representatives, dinner tables where children want to eat dessert first, and "American Idol" all show. What is dangerous is to allow a system set up for a consensus-based political culture drift into highly polarized political culture. Rules can be changed to fit political realities, but political realities cannot usually be changed to fit rules.
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